Daisy Monograph

Common names: Common daisy, English daisy, Wild daisy, Bruisewort, Woundwort, Bairnwort

Latin name: Bellis perennis

Family name: Compositae (Asteraceae)

Genus: Carliquistia

Parts used: Flowers, Leaves, Root (less common)

Actions: Vulnerary, Anti-inflammatory, Astringent, Antioxidant, Expectorant, Cooling, Drying, Bitter

Constituents: Malic acid, acetic acid, oxalic acid, tartaric acid, L-ascorbic acid (Vitamin C), L-arbutin, resins, wax, inulin, mucilaginous substances, saponins, minerals, essential oils, and tannins.

Indications: Bruises, broken bones, muscle pain, wounds, rheumatism, upper respiratory infections, gastritis, stomach ache, headache, inflammation, diarrhea, bleeding, boils, common cold, and eczema. Because it is rich in antioxidants along with acids that firm the skin, daisy can be used to treat wrinkles and saggy skin. The L-arbutin in daisy can lighten the skin. It can also act as a vitamin supplement.

Preparation & Dosage: Young leaves can be eaten raw in salads, or cooked, though the leaves become increasingly astringent with age. Flower buds and petals can be eaten raw in sandwiches, soups, and salads. May be used in tea, infusion, or extract form. To make tea: Add 2 tsp of fresh daisies to 1 cup of boiled water. Infuse for 10 mins. For an infusion, add 1 Tb to 1 qt jar and steep 4 hrs to overnight. Strain off the herbs and drink the liquid. A strong decoction of the roots was used to treat scurvy. For skincare, Daisy can be infused in distilled water and used as a wash, or flower heads can be added directly to the bath to ease skin troubles. Daisy flowers can also be made into an infused oil and/or salve to treat skin, bruises, wounds, etc., Dosage: Tea and infusion up to 3 cups per day, Tincture/extract up to 20 drops, 3 x day.

Description: Low rosettes of small, oval, slightly hairy leaves with shallowly toothed edges, grows to 6-12 inches tall. White and yellow flower heads 2 1/2-5 centimeters, with hairy bracts under flower head, on short leafless stems. Fibrous rhizomes.

Habitat & Growing conditions: A perennial herbaceous plant that flowers from the earliest days of Spring till late Autumn and grows everywhere except Antarctica. Amazingly makes up almost 10% of all flowering plants on Earth! Full sun to partial shade. Grows wild and needs little care and maintenance. It may be propagated either by seed after the last frost or by division after flowering. Daisy is found mainly on moist, neutral to basic soils, in unimproved or improved grasslands kept short by grazing, mowing, or trampling. Also in disturbed habitats such as roadsides and waste ground. The flowers can be harvested from April to October.

Status: Considered a weed.

Cautions & considerations: Internally, it is best to use daisy with some supervision and support from an experienced herbalist. Do not use it internally during pregnancy or if one has digestive bleeding or irritation. Also, daisy flowers contain pollen and could trigger this allergy.

Magickal properties: Their magickal properties include love, friendship, divination, healing, and protection. Daisies are feminine in nature and resonate with Venus, the Sun, and the element of Water. The word daisy comes from “day’s eye” because she closes up at night and opens up during the day, like a long-lashed eye. Daisy symbolizes innocence, purity, and childhood. A long-loved divinatory practice with daisies, is the infamous, “he loves me, he loves me not” while tearing the petals. In Norse mythology, the daisy is a sacred flower to Freya, but they make wonderful offerings for any Goddess and can be made into wreaths to wear in your hair for Beltane or Midsummer.

Flower Essence: Daisy flower essence can be great for students, writers, and other creatives, as it can help organize a scattered mind, and it can instill calmness and feelings of safety, protection, and love. Daisy FE can help align heart, mind, and consciousness, and open honest communication with self and others.

Notes: Daisy has a long history, since (2200 BC!) of medicinal use. It’s been said that the ancient Egyptians grew daisies in their gardens and utilized them medicinally.

During the Roman Empire, the military doctors soaked bandages with daisy flower tincture to treat wounded soldiers. T

Gerard mentions the Daisy, under the name of ‘Bruisewort,’ as an unfailing remedy in ‘all kinds of paines and aches,’ besides curing fevers, inflammation of the liver and ‘alle the inwarde parts.’

In 1771 Dr. Hill said that an infusion of the leaves was ‘excellent against Hectic Fevers.’ The Daisy was an ingredient of an ointment much used in the fourteenth century for wounds, gout, and fevers.

Resources:

Pic credit (&other notes) from A Modern Herbal (Botanical.com)

Solidarity Apothecary (solidarityapothecary.org)

The Herbal Hub (theherbalhub.com)

The Wildlife Journal (https://nhpbs.org/)

Beverly Hills MD (beverlyhillsmd.com)

Wicca Now (wiccanow.com)

The Tree Frog Farm (treefrogfarm.com)

Aquarius Flower Remedies (aquariusflowerremedies.com)

Wikepedia and Witchipedia

GMP’s, FDA and Reformulating Everything!

Hi everyone, thanks for being here. The latest on my business journey (and it’s delay) is learning about the current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMPs) Wow! Apparently, making stuff and selling it is more complicated than I remember. When my mama and I had a shop these laws weren’t around.

Don’t get me wrong, I think they are necessary to prevent accidental bacteria and/or harm for the buyer, but the pendulum swings, because now it is nearly impossible to follow every single guideline and be legal.

For example, to sell homemade teas and tinctures, which are considered dietary supplements, an herbalist is supposed to make these from a commercial kitchen. This means many herbalists are functioning illegally from home kitchens.

After a recent class on Rules and Regulations I hit a bit of depression, questioning if I should remain on this path. Inner conflict arose, as the herbalist in me wants so badly to help heal and shout these plants from the rooftop, but legally, I am not allowed. I am forbidden to make any type of claims, and can’t even have testimonials on my products!?

I am sad I won’t be able to sell my herbal chest rub, because it is considered a Drug and has even more rigid guidelines. I really love this chest rub and it has helped me so much. It feels a bit of a conspiracy to not be able to offer people alternatives in healing, but thanks to Freedom of Speech, I am able to educate with posts and I encourage you to do research on plants and their many gifts.

Meanwhile, to be on the safe side, I will be focusing on my herbal creams and aroma sprays. These CAN be made in my home under the Homemade Cosmetic guidelines. I took down the post on my Nourish cream because I had stated the possible healing benefits. I also am reformulating this recipe to add an all-natural preservative, so I can extend its shelf life for you without it developing any microbes/bacteria/molds, I will make a new post on this fabulous cream as soon as I have perfected a new formula.

With all of this being said, please see my disclaimer on the bottom of my welcome page and know that I am still dedicated to and holding my path. I look forward to making safe and improved products that I know will serve you well.

pic credit @jplenio

For more info on cGMPs start here:

Small Businesses & Homemade Cosmetics: Fact Sheet | FDA

Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) Guidelines/Inspection Checklist for Cosmetics | FDA